Table of Contents
More important than the aesthetic issue – the beauty of the fixtures – is the good kitchen lighting planning: After all, the kitchen is a work environment where many activities require good light.
Project: Neo Arq (central cold light and led strip with yellow light and spot in spot lighting)
So, here we will list the most important issues for you to have efficient and comfortable kitchen lighting:
Project: unites architecture and design – Plenty of natural lighting!
Natural lighting has great quality and is free!
At construction or renovation prioritize as much as possible to light the kitchen well with large windows and open passageways to bright areas that have good opening (to also improve the ventilation – another item that must be well thought out in the kitchen).
Photos: interiorsporn and buildingmycasaclean
Even with good natural lighting, and even more in small environments, using cdark ores on furniture or walls, more luminaires or lamps of higher power will be needed. In environments with a lot of white, especially if lacquered / shiny / with glass, you have to worry about glare or unwanted reflections.
Invest in central and spot lighting
THE central lighting or general should preferably be diffuse (to reduce the incidence of shadows, the luminaire has a diffuser, made of glass, acrylic, etc.) and be powerful enough to light well, without discomfort, all corners of the kitchen. Inlaid ceiling lights with diffuser, tubular (fluorescent tubes are used less and less) or lighted slots with linear led profiles on the ceiling of low ceilings serve this function very well.
Photo: Brava Arquitetura – Neutral light in all lighting. Notice the delicacy of the lighting below the upper cabinets
The spots and trails for central lighting, currently widely used, must have lamps with diffusers and wide open focus, and be positioned so that its light spans the entire space, the best way possible.
Photo: tuacasa – See areas of shadow and excess light (“bursting” above the refrigerator) that spots in the central lighting can cause.
Photo: Tua casa – Projeto Renata Santos – Here the shadow caused by the ceiling lamp because of the upper cupboard – to avoid it, point lighting is used below the cupboards.
In the case of spotlights and spotlights, above the sink, stove or countertop, pay attention to the shadows, glare or excesses that these fixtures can produce, disrupting the task or causing unpleasant effects.
Photo: Tuacasa – Marília Zimmermann Project – Perfect lighting built into the upper cabinets – the light does not obscure the view.
The point lighting is the one, which can be direct or indirect, which you add to better illuminate areas where more attention is needed to work details (sinks, stoves / hoods, cabinets, countertops, any area under the upper cabinets, etc.), on dining tables or to draw attention to some point – in this case the pendants, spots and trails work very well.
Photo: Claudia Albertini Architecture Project – Spot lighting above (illuminating the ceiling) and below the cabinets and also on the wooden furniture shelves (led strips).
Led strips and spots are used a lot today, but choose tapes and spots with good lighting capacity and that do not dazzle if you want them to be functional and not just embellishments. One option is to use dimmable lamps, especially in open or integrated kitchens.
Photo: Tua casa – Tears with linear profiles in the ceiling that go down the wall using warm lighting. Overhanging the bench, indirect light illuminating the ceiling and led strip below the overhead cabinets.
You can also think about spot lighting to facilitate circulation at night, using luminaires with presence sensors close to the floor.
Photo: Project – Costa Longa Arquitetura – Warm light in the hood and in the living room and cooler light below the upper cabinets
Another idea that has been seen around with a decorative effect is the indirect lighting, with fixtures at the top or bottom of cabinets, for example.
If your kitchen is small, it may not need so many different lighting points! Save!
Attention to Pending
Pending on islands or dining benches are always welcome, but choose models that can be easily cleaned – grease is something that goes with everything and pendants in fabric, or with fins, even more non-removable, may not be a good choice ! And don’t forget to put them on about 90 cm away from the worktop, ensure that your light shines through and choose models whose size matches the countertop size. Avoid pendants when the ceiling is too low (below 2.40 and especially more on high countertops).
Warm lamps – yellowish – or cold – white / bluish?
Warm lamps (with color temperature up to 3500k) are more comfortable to the eye. The cold ones (5000k and upwards) are more used when you want a higher level of attention to perform tasks (they allow a more accurate view of the environment and give a feeling of cleanliness), but make the environment less cozy and comfortable for the eyes, in addition to making the warm colors not look so beautiful to our eyes (red meats, for example).
Photo: interlight – effects of different IRC lamps and different temperatures
As it is a working environment, the kitchen often has cold or neutral light, but nothing prohibits you from using lamps with warm light (up to 3500k). What is needed is that the IRC (color rendering index – determines how close to reality the lamp reproduces the colors we see) is high (80 and up) for a great perception of the color of the food mainly.
Photo: arquitectze – The importance of high IRC in color perception
A difficulty in relation to the color temperature of the lamps are the integrated environments: A kitchen with very cold light (6400k for example) may not have a good effect when integrated into a room with very hot light (2700k, for example). In this case, a mixture can be made by placing the ones next to the kitchen with a median temperature (like 4000k) or a little warmer and the more distant ones still warmer, making a more subtle transition. Or, put all the 2700 / 3000k luminaires except the spotlights where you find convenient lighting for delicate and detailed tasks.
Photo: vivadecora – Mixture of hot and cold lamps in the open kitchen to the living room